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TMJ & TMD Causes

Temporomandibular joint syndrome is a complex and misunderstood disorder that can be caused by a variety of factors. This intricate system of muscles, nerves and moving bones in the jaw can be damaged. As a result, intense pain and discomfort throughout the jaw, head, neck and shoulders can be felt. Dr. Bob Perkins, DDS, has studied and treated TMJ syndrome for decades. He has helped identify the causes of this disorder to provide successful treatment for his patients, offering them relief.

Specialist Explains What Causes TMJ

Dr. Perkins diagnoses and treats TMJ & TMD for Manhattan residents at his NYC office, offering immediate and sustained relief from TMJ symptoms. To understand the treatments needed, you first must understand what can cause the symptoms. As a TMJ specialist, Dr. Perkins has spent many years observing different factors that impact the temporomandibular joint and surrounding muscles. He has pinpointed some of the direct causes of this complicated disorder.

Traumatic Impact
Injury to the jaw can change the structure of the bones, joint and muscles. A blow to the jaw in a vehicle or sports accident is often the catalyst for TMJ. Although the jaw may heal and the pain from the injury dissipates, the lingering damage can cause TMJ. Even a traumatic impact from many years prior can be the cause of TMD symptoms later in life.
Imbalanced Bite
Another common cause of TMJ syndrome is a problem within the bite. When teeth do not fit together properly, it can impact how food is chewed and puts excessive stress on the jaw, neck and head area.
All in the Family
Not all TMJ causes occur due to lifestyle or experiences. Genetics can play a role, as they do in many medical conditions. The shape of teeth, the jaw and even bite alignment can be impacted by genetics. Even the way you breathe can be related to your genetics. Breathing through the mouth can have an influence on the jaw and may be a possible contributor to TMJ in some cases.
Collar Connection
The neck, shoulders and jaw are all connected, which is why the symptoms and causes of TMJ often involve the neck. When you clench your jaw, you may also be straining your neck, and the opposite is true as well. Neck pain is common in TMJ, and neck issues can impact your jaw.

Dr. Perkins can help uncover the causes of your TMJ symptoms, which is the beginning of finding the right treatment for relief. If you live in the Manhattan area, contact our New York City office today to schedule your first visit to begin treatment for TMD.